欢迎来到石林地质公园 石林旅游网

History of the Stone Forest

As an unusual and rare landscape, the stone forest landform has caught people’s attention since long ago. The term “stone forest” first appeared in a poem 《Ask Heaven》 written by the great ancient Chinese poet Qu Yuan around 300 B.C. He questioned in the poem “Is there really a stone forest in the south?”


There were detailed descriptions of the Stone Forest in the Yuan Dynasty, 14th Century: “Shimen (Stone Forest) is located in the flat land west of the Luliang where stone pillars are high and dense, varied in shape and height. Since it looks like a forest and people can go through so called Shimen (Stone Forest) ”


In the 17th Century, late Ming Dynasty and early Qing Dynasty, some early adventurers and scholars started to explore the Stone Forest seeking for scenic beauty, and they left  many poems and prose works such as the 《Stone Forest Song》to eulogize the special stone forest landscape. The 《Annual of Lunan Prefecture》compiled during the  early Qing Dynasty (1712) contains a vivid description of the stone forest landscape: “Stone forests, comprised of stone pillars and peaks, are tens of meters high and cannot be reached without an arduous climb. In the stone forest there are numerous grotesque stone pillars standing densely, looking like a large contingent of troops; the suspended rocks and notches are breathtaking. Dark gray in color, the delicately structured stone forests are extensive. There are also subterranean rivers, cool and tranquil.”


Paul Vial, a French missionary who lived in the Shilin area for 31 years around the turn of 19th-20th centuries, was the first westerner to introduce the stone forest landform to the western world. His articles about the Yi people’s culture and lifestyle as well as the stone forest landform were published in a French journal. In 1960, the Hungarian scholar Denes Balazs studied the Stone Forest as a karst formation. 


In 1931, former Yunnan provincial governor Long Yun visited Shilin in his inspection tour. Greatly enchanted by the exceptional beauty of the stone forest scenery, he wrote two Chinese characters “Shi Lin” (Stone Forest) to name the   forest-like   landscape.  Thenceforth, “Stone Forest” became the formal name of this special karst landscape, and Long Yun’s calligraphy was later inscribed on a giant stone pillar – which nowadays is one of the well-known symbols of the Stone Forest. It was also in 1931 that the Stone Forest Park was formally established (only part of the present Major Stone Forest), beginning this area’s park history.


Because of its important scientific and aesthetic values, the Stone Forest of Yunnan was designated as a National Park of China in 1982.


滇ICP备15008403号 版权所有:云南石林风景名胜区管理局 技术支持:盛威时代科技集团有限公司

版权所有:云南石林风景名胜区管理局 Copyright(C) 2019-2020. All Rights Reserved. 滇公网安备 53012602000141号